Why are sharp edges and points dangerous?
Toys with sharp edges, points or projections can cause lacerations, punctures and abrasions.
In one 2019 recall, the toy broke, creating sharp points that caused laceration hazards, while another recalled toy was found to have a knitting needle inside the soft toy doll.
Per ASTM F963-17, section 4.9.1 potentially hazardous sharp points are defined by 16 CFR 1500.48. Toys intended for use by children under 8 years of age are subject to this requirement before or after use and abuse testing, or both, as specified in section 8.5 Normal Use Testing and 8.6 Abuse Testing.
Per ASTM F963-17, section 4.9.2 Toys in which an accessible, potentially hazardous sharp point is a necessary function of the toy, such as a needle in a sewing kit, shall carry cautionary labeling as specified in 5.10, if the toy is intended for children from 48 to 96 months old. Toys intended for children less than 48 months old shall not have accessible hazardous functional points.
Suggested testing package
Manufacturers should ensure that their toys can pass normal use and abuse testing so that sharp points aren’t created from inferior materials or materials inappropriate for children. For the hazard of a needle inside a soft or plush toy, the factory should implement strict needle and sharp-tool controls and include metal detection prior to packaging, so that any metal foreign objects inside the toys can be found before shipping and distribution.
To learn more visit SAFETY OF TOYS – Insights into 2019 recalls in United States
or contact us.