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Publication Date Friday, April 14, 2017


UNITED STATES – The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has proposed a rule for a Safety Standard for Infant Inclined Sleep Products.


  • An “infant inclined sleep product,” as defined by ASTM F3118-17, includes three key components:
    • Age of intended product occupant: the product must be intended for infants up to five months old (3 months for certain smaller products). The product may additionally be intended for older children, possibly in a different configuration, provided that its intended use also includes children up to five months.
    • Sleep: the product must be primarily intended and marketed to provide sleeping accommodations.
    • Surface incline: the product must have at least one inclined sleep surface position that is greater than 10 degrees, but less than or equal to 30 degrees.

Age/Weight/Developmental Range

  • Infants up to five months old (three months for certain smaller products)

 Regulation Number

  • 16 CFR 1112 and 16 CFR 1235

Proposed Effective Date

  • Submit Comments by 75 days after date of publication in the federal register
  • 12 Months from publication of the final rule in the federal register
  • Products manufactured on or after the effective date must meet the new standard

Standard Referenced

  • ASTM F3118-17, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Inclined Sleep Products
  • With one modification that would remove the phrase “rigid frame” from the definition of “accessory inclined sleep product.”

Hazards Addressed

  • Design Problems: Two major design issues: (1) infants reportedly developed respiratory and/or skin ailments due to the growth of mold on the product; and (2) infants reportedly developed physical deformations such as plagiocephaly (flat head syndrome) and/or torticollis (twisted neck syndrome) from extended use of the product.
  • Compromised Structural Integrity: These failures included buckles or straps breaking, pads/seats/liners tearing, hardware coming loose, and metal stands/bars and other unspecified components breaking.
  • Inadequate Restraints: Restraints failed to adequately confine the infant in position
  • Electrical Issue: Overheating or melting of components such as the vibrating unit, battery cover, switch, or motor
  • Miscellaneous Product-Related Issues
  • Unspecified Falls

Why It Matters

  • The CPSC received 657 reports of incidents related to inclined sleep products between January 2005 and September 2016, including 14 deaths and 301 injuries.

This rule will make it illegal to sell products in the U.S. that do not meet the regulation.

How UL Can Help

For more details on how UL can help you bring regulatory compliant, safe, and quality products to market contact QAInfo@​ul.​com.   A UL representative will follow up with you soon.


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