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On June 19, 2018, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has issued the final rule for the safety standard for high chairs.

This final rule incorporates the most recent voluntary standard developed by ASTM F404-18, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for High Chairs, with no amendments.


  • High chair is defined in ASTM F404-18 as a free standing chair for a child up to three (3) years of age which has a seating surface more than 15 in. above the floor and elevates the child normally for the purposes of feeding or eating. The ASTM standard further specifies that a high chair may be sold with or without a tray, have adjustable heights, or recline for infants.

Regulation Number

  • 16 CFR 111216 CFR 1231

Effective Date

  • June 19, 2019

Hazards Addressed

  • Specific components issues: including the frame, seat, restraint system, armrest, tray, toy accessories, and footrest.
  • Design, stability and other general product issues
  • Fall hazard: when a child attempted to climb into or out of the high chair; when the chair tipped over when a child pushed back or rocked while in the high chair; or when a component of the high chair (e.g., restraint, tray, lock) failed or disengaged.

Why It Matters

  • The CPSC received 1,842 reports of high-chair related incidents that occurred between January 1, 2011 and September 30, 2017, including 2 deaths and 271 injuries. Most incidents involved children between 7 and 18 months old.