With the publication of Directive (EU) 2018⁄725 on May 16th, 2018, the European Commission (EC) is lowering the migration limit for chromium VI in scraped-off toy materials (category III).
The Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC sets a limit value for chromium VI in scraped-off toy materials such as paints on toys, hard and soft polymers, wood, textiles and others. The current limit value (0,2 mg/kg) is based on a virtually safe dose of 0,0053 μg of chromium VI per kg body weight per day.
In 2015, the Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER) assessed the relevance of the oral cancer potency of chromium VI and considered 0,0094 mg/kg as a revised limit. However, the current test method in EN 71–3+A1:2014 cannot verify the proposed limit value of SCHER.
Thus, the current test method can accurately measure to the lowest concentration of 0,053 mg/kg.
The European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) is currently reviewing the test method in standard EN 71–3 to improve the detection of chromium VI to further lower the limit and accurately measure concentrations down to 0,0025 mg/kg.
The new limit, 0,053 mg/kg will apply from 18 November 2019.
The limits for dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable toy material and in liquid or sticky toy material remains at 0,02 mg/kg and 0,005 mg/kg respectively.