Migrant workers are often more vulnerable to discrimination and harm as compared to local workers, because they almost always lack the same legal and social protections. In the ready-made garment sector, these workers are typically young and female, and may work in a country for several years, confronting discriminatory workplace practices beyond those experienced by local workers.
This precarious status can lead to many forms of discrimination. For example, female migrant workers routinely suffer from pregnancy discrimination due to inequitable laws, or poor implementation of existing laws and regulations. Migrant workers may be subjected to mandatory pregnancy testing in their home country as part of the application process for a job overseas. Discrimination prior to employment may be overlooked by brands focusing due diligence efforts on current conditions in factories.