Explore all of ul.com

Publication Date Wednesday, May 31, 2017




UNITED STATES – The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has proposed a rule for a Safety Standard for Booster Seats.


  • A “booster seat,” as defined by ASTM F2640-17E1, is “a juvenile chair, which is placed on an adult chair to elevate a child to standard dining table height. The booster seat is made for the purpose of containing a child, up to 5 years of age, and normally for the purposes of feeding or eating. A booster seat may be height adjustable and include a reclined position.”

Age/Weight/Developmental Range

  • Children under the age of 5 years

 Regulation Number

  • 16 CFR 111216 CFR 1237

Proposed Effective Date

  • 12 Months from publication of the final rule in the federal register
  • Products manufactured on or after the effective date must meet the new standard
  • Comments on the proposed rule allowed until August 2, 2017

Standard Referenced

  • ASTM F2640-17E1, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Booster Seats, with no modifications

Hazards Addressed

  • Restraint/Attachment Problems: involves the mechanism for attaching a booster seat to an adult chair, or the restraint system that contains the child within the booster seat. Issues with the attachment mechanism included anchor buckles/clasps/straps breaking, tearing, fraying, detaching or releasing. Restraint-system problems included: buckles/prongs breaking, jamming, releasing too easily, or separating from straps; straps tearing or fraying, pinching, or coming undone; and general inadequacy or ineffectiveness of restraints in containing the child in place.
  • Seat Related Issues: includes failure of the lock/latch that controls the seat-recline function; seat pads tearing, cracking, and/or peeling; the seat back detaching altogether; seat height adjustment lock/latch failure; and seat detachment from the base available for certain models.
  • Tray-Related Issues: includes tray paint finish peeling off, trays failing to lock/stay locked, trays with sharp protrusions on the underside, trays too tight/difficult to release, and trays pinching fingers.
  • Design Problems: involves limbs, fingers, and toes entrapped in spaces/openings between the armrest and seat back/tray, between passive crotch restraint bar and seat/tray, between tray inserts, or in toy accessories.
  • Stability-Related Issues: Most of these incidents concerned the adult chair to which the booster seat was attached tipping back or over.
  • Armrest Problems: involves booster seat armrests cracking or breaking
  • Miscellaneous Product Issues: including unclear assembly instructions, poor quality construction, odor, rough surface, breakage, or loose hardware at unspecified sites.
  • Combination of Multiple Issues

Why It Matters

  • The CPSC received 867 reports of incidents related to booster seats between January 2008 and September 2016, including 2 deaths and 146 injuries.

This rule will make it illegal to sell products in the U.S. that do not meet the regulation.

How UL Can Help

For more details on how UL can help you bring regulatory compliant, safe, and quality products to market contact QAInfo@​ul.​com.   A UL representative will follow up with you soon.


Subscribe to Newsletter

The CRS monthly Newsletter focuses on the latest initiatives, insights and information for manufacturers and retailers across industries.